The prostate produces the fluid that gives the sperm energy to swim and is important for fertility when we are young. The gland is the size of a walnut found just below the bladder. The prostate wraps around a tube (the urethra) that carries urine from the bladder through the tip of the penis.
Common Prostate Problems
- Prostate Cancer
Affecting 50 percent of all men over 50 years old, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men and is the second highest cause of cancer deaths in men. With early detection, the chance of recovery is high. A blood test called a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) makes early detection possible and is recommended annually for men 50 years old and over.
- Enlarged Prostate
Also known as BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), it is an enlarged but otherwise normal prostate. An enlarged prostate is common in older men but may cause problems such as frequent urination, bleeding, urinary tract infections, or the inability to completely empty your bladder. Though BPH is not cancer, it may require treatment by a physician.
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Common treatments for BPH include medications that either help shrink the prostate or open the channel that passes through the prostate as well as in-office laser and microwave treatments and surgery when necessary.
Treatments for prostate cancer include surgery, radiation (external and internal), and medication.