Immigration Issue

Although freedom of movement is often recognised as a civil right, the freedom only applies to movement within national borders: it may be guaranteed by the constitution or by human rights legislation.

Additionally, this freedom is often limited to citizens and excludes others. No state currently allows full freedom of movement across its borders, and international human rights treaties do not confer a general right to enter another state. According to Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, citizens may not be forbidden to leave their country. There is no similar provision regarding entry of non-citizens.