Tuberculosis Fact Sheet - Cleveland 19 News Cleveland, OH

Tuberculosis Fact Sheet

THE DISEASE

-- Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

-- TB usually attacks the lungs, but can attack any part of the body.

-- If not treated properly, TB can be fatal.

-- Kills nearly two million people each year around the world.

XDR TB

-- Rare

-- Extensively drug-resistant.

-- A subtype of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB).

-- Resistant to the two most important second-line antibiotics in addition to the two most important first-line drugs.

HOW TB IS SPREAD

-- Through the air from one person to another.

SOME SYMPTOMS

-- Chest pain and coughing up blood.

LATEST FEAR

-- Some airline passengers and crew may have been exposed to XDR TB.

-- Man with disease flew from Atlanta to Paris on May 12th aboard Air France Flight 385, also listed as Delta Air Lines codeshare Flight 8517.

-- Man flew from Prague to Montreal on May 24th aboard Czech Air Flight 0104, then drove into U-S at Champlain, N.Y.

-- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention trying to contact 27 crew members from the two flights for testing and about 80 passengers who sat in the five rows surrounding the man.

-- Other passengers on the flights are not considered at high risk of infection because tests indicated the amount of TB bacteria in the man was low.

-- World Health Organization: Risk of transmitting XDR-TB on the flights would have been low.

PATIENT

-- American male

-- Now quarantined in Atlanta's Grady Memorial Hospital.

-- CDC: The patient continues to feel well and be asymptomatic. He's currently still in isolation.

WORLD RESPONSE

-- Italian officials are tracing infected man's movements. He honeymooned in Rome for two days.

-- Man says he got married in Greece before going to Rome. Greek officials are watching case closely.

-- Air France-KLM has been asked by French health authorities to provide lists of all passengers seated within two rows of the infected man.

-- Air France uses high-efficiency particulate air filters on its planes, which means that 50 percent of the air circulating is new and 50 percent is recycled.

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