Expulsion from Congress is the most severe punishment to befall a member of the House. In the chamber's 213-year history, only five representatives have been expelled:
Rep. John B. Clark, D-Mo., in 1861, for taking up arms against the government of the United States. Clark served as a brigadier general for the Confederacy and later as a representative to the Confederate Congress during the Civil War. His son, John B. Clark Jr., later served two terms in Congress.
Rep. John W. Reid, D-Mo., in 1861, for taking up arms against the government of the United States. Reid was a volunteer aide to Confederate General Sterling Price during the Civil War. He later resumed a law practice and banking career.
Rep. Henry C. Burnett, D-Ky., in 1861, for supporting secession by the Confederate States of America. He served as a colonel for the Confederacy and later as a representative to the Confederate Congress.
Rep. Michael "Ozzie" Myers, D-Pa., in 1980, for accepting money from undercover FBI agents posing as Arab sheiks seeking favors from Congress in the Abscam scandal. He was convicted on bribery and conspiracy charges and served 20 1/2 months in federal prison before being released in 1985. Now 59, Myers works as a building contractor.
Rep. James A. Traficant Jr., D-Ohio, in 2002, for taking kickbacks from employees, encouraging the destruction of evidence, soliciting bribes and other gifts from businessmen and filing false income tax returns. A federal jury in Cleveland convicted Traficant (pictured, above) of all of those offenses in April.
(Copyright 2002 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)
Former U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr. believes he was subjected to double jeopardy when federal prosecutors and the U.S. House of Representatives both tried him for the same crimes, according to legal papers filed in his appeal. More >>
A federal appeals court on Wednesday declined to order Gov. Bob Taft to call a special election to fill the vacancy created when James Traficant was expelled from Congress for a bribery conviction. More >>
Former U.S. Rep. Jim Traficant has started to serve the eight-year prison term that a federal judge sentenced him to on Tuesday. The colorful ex-congressman says he still plans to run for Congress from his jail cell. SOUND OFF/BOND REQUEST/TRANSCRIPTSMore >>