66% of adults in Cleveland are functionally illiterate: What that means regarding the Covid vaccine

Illiteracy creates hurdle for Clevelanders looking for Covid vaccine information

CLEVELAND, Ohio (WOIO) - Maria Rodriguez did not learn how to read full documents until she was in her 50s.

“I’ve always felt embarrassed,” she said.

Now, she’s helping others with similar struggles at Seeds of Literacy in Cleveland’s West Side, while encouraging them to find the right information about the coronavirus vaccine.

“I feel what they feel, and I feel the scare, the worry, the tension,” Rodriguez said.

While many Clevelanders want to get their dose of the vaccine, adult illiteracy means they are easily swayed in the wrong direction by rumors and false information.

According to research from Case Western Reserve University, 66% of Clevelanders are functionally illiterate.

Rodriguez, who has interacted with residents with similar struggles, has heard of these faulty reasonings first-hand.

“‘I’m allergic to this kind of food,’ or ‘I’m not going to take the Covid [vaccine] because someone told me if I take the [vaccine] with my issue I might die,’” she explained.

Adult illiteracy is also a significant hurdle to overcome for minority communities. The same Case Western study notes that some neighborhoods have an illiteracy rate of 95 percent, predominantly in areas with high numbers of minorities.

Maryann Nicolay, a volunteer at the site, said public health organizations have relied too heavily on a one-size-fits-all approach, which mostly includes information found on documents and digital resources. The limited scope restricts those with little literacy skills to find the latest information on the disease.

“Some people are willing to listen and learn,” she said. “Other people are just throwing up their hands and walking away because they don’t know what to listen to anymore.”

For Rodriguez, nothing will change until those who have fallen through the cracks of information distribution are encouraged to seek trusted sources of information. She will also continue to share her experience whenever she can.

“Ever since I learned how to read and write, now I read about it, now I see it on the news and I look it up, and it’s helping me, it’s protecting me,” Rodriguez said.

Rodriguez was able to get her own dose of the vaccine and she’s hoping to use her experience to show other people the importance of getting vaccinated.

“Some people, they want to learn, they want to know, but they are afraid to ask,” Rodriguez said. “One person can make the difference. And if it has to be you, the first person, you need to do it.”

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